Banana is a giant herbaceous plant, belonging to the Musaceae. It is native to Southeast Asia, from a region located in India and east of the Malay Peninsula. Its life cycle is 10 to 15 years, depending on the technical management. It is a suitable crop for subtropical and tropical climates with optimum temperatures between 22ºC and 25ºC. It is sown and harvested all year round.
The banana is exported to be consumed mainly as fresh fruit, but there are other forms of use: for the manufacture of starch and flour, for food and industrial use; as banana pulp for the elaboration of infant foods; as clarified banana juice; as dehydrated bananas. Efforts have also been made to use parts of the plant and the fruit as raw material for the manufacture of paper and alcohol, from fibrous waste.