Watermelon

Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originating in West Africa. It is cultivated for its fruit. The subdivision of this species into two varieties, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) var. lanatus) and citron melons (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf.), originated with the…

Pitaya

A pitaya (/pɪˈtaɪ.ə/) or pitahaya (/ˌpɪtəˈhaɪ.ə/) is the fruit of several different cactus species indigenous to the Americas. Pitaya usually refers to fruit of the genus Stenocereus, while pitahaya or dragon fruit refers to fruit of the genus Hylocereus, both in the Cactaceae family. The dragon fruit is cultivated in Southeast Asia, Florida, the Caribbean,…

Orange

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae. It is also called sweet orange, to distinguish it from the related Citrus × aurantium, referred to as bitter orange. The sweet orange reproduces asexually (apomixis through nucellar embryony); varieties of sweet orange arise through mutations. The orange is…

Passion Fruit

The passion fruit is the fruit of a number of plants in the Passiflora family. Edible passion fruits can be divided into three main types: purple passion fruit (fruits of Passiflora edulis Sims), yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg.), giant granadilla (Passiflora quadrangularis L.). The fruit is a source of carbohydrates, carotene, vitamin…

Mango

Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit. The majority of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae. Mangoes are native to South Asia,[ from where the “common…

Guava

Guava (/ˈɡwɑːvə/)[ is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as…

Banana

Banana is a giant herbaceous plant, belonging to the Musaceae. It is native to Southeast Asia, from a region located in India and east of the Malay Peninsula. Its life cycle is 10 to 15 years, depending on the technical management. It is a suitable crop for subtropical and tropical climates with optimum temperatures between…

Avocado

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico,] classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocados are commercially valuable…